By F. M. Leonard, Esq.,
Situated in the northeast corner of Geauga county, an average of eight miles from its north line to the southern shore of Lake Erie, and its highest point is said to be seven hundred and one feet above the waters of Lake Erie, and one thousand two hundred and seventy-five feet above meantide water of the Atlantic. It is divided into forty-two lots, of some three hundred and eighty-five acres each—was surveyed by one Chester Elliot, of Hambden, in this county, in the year 1809. From authority at hand, its name was by and for one Matthew Thompson, of Suffield, Connecticut, and as the Reserve was mapped out into ranges and tracts, this was designated as lying in range six, tract ten, of the Connecticut Western Reserve, for Ohio was not known as a State till after settlement was commenced in this township. It was incorporated in 1801.
In its geological formation the conglomerate or pebbly sandstone forms the underlying of the township. The well-known ledge at this place furnishes a fine exposure of the rock, and gives a rugged and very romantic character to the place, and many visitors are attracted to the place, especially during the summer season. A hotel, with small accommodations, was started as early as 1868, by one William Gilbreath, and the failure to be remunerative arose from want of sufficient funds to prepare suitable accommodations for boarding on a large scale, and was abandoned in 1876, and yet there is an opening for a paying business, with the right man in the right place.
Read in his report to Professor Newberry, State geologist, says the dip of the ledge here is from four to five degrees to the southwest. Of course a great amount of sandstone is quarried here, and taken a great distance for bridge and building purposes. The berea grit is shown some in the northwest ~irt of the township, but crops out more abundantly at Footville, southeast from us, where it enters Ashtabula county.
The forests, of course, partake of and mark the geological features along the line, and probably more of the oak and chestnut abound in this than any other of the townships of the county, and the high lands seem, when cleared, to furnish good pasturage, and are good for all purposes of tillage. The clay grounds are not as stiff as those of the more clay townships.
The first public road of which we have any record, was laid and reported, by a committee appointed by the Connecticut land. company, January 30, 1708, running from Conneaut to Cleveland, through Shefrield, Plymouth, and Austinburg, here crossing a fordable place on the bend of Grand river, near where Mechanicsville now stands, and was marked by an Indian trail, thence through Harpersfield, striking Thompson near the northwest corner of lot forty-two, across thirty-one, southeast part of lot number thirty, the northwest part of lot twenty-nine, rising the ledge on lot twenty, on lands owned by Reuben B. Chaflee, where as late as 1870, he is able to show scarred trees, thence south, crossing east and west center road fifty* rods east of the village, on to lot number twenty-one, and crossing the road running south, near Roger R. Warner’s and Richard Matthew's, across the old farm of Otis Howe, where the trace of the girdling is nearly lost, but scars are to be found on this lot (twenty-one) at the late date of 1876, and both Otis and Rufus Howe report it as a good place for gathering hoop-poles in an early day along this trace. Continuing, it touched the northwest corner of lot twenty-two, through lot fifteen, corner of fourteen where the trace is still visible—as reported by Ovando Pomeroy—across the entire lots eleven and two into Leroy, thence along what is now termed the plank road, built from Fairport to Warren more than twenty years or more ago, leaving that and crossing Big Creek into Concord, and passing westward to Judd's corners, and still on by the old Perkins camp, so called, to Little Mountain. This road is often spoken of as Wayne's road, but the absurdity is plainer than the trace, as we find Gen. Wayne succeeding Gen. St. Clair in 1793, and in 1794 had a successful battle with the Indians, near Maumee, Ohio, and soon after Gen. Wayne was put in command of the garrison at Erie, Pennsylvania, died in 1805, and buried at the foot of the flag-staff, and subsequently his remain were removed to some more distant part of Pennsylvania, near his early home
The editors of the Painesville Telegraph:
In your issue of July 6th, I perceive that my article on the Girdled Road has provoked my friend Leonard of Thompson, if not to love, to good works. I have heard the Girdled Road called Wayne's Trace, when speaking of it before. Why it is s< willed I have yet to ascertain. General Wayne defeated the Indians at the battle of Fallen Timbers Augustao, 1794 Wayne's army marched north from Cincinnati, and returned the same route Wayne had command, after this, of the U. S. garrison at Erie, Pennsylvania, where he died in 180, \\ think), and was buried at the foot of the flag-staff. His remains were removed, a few years since to his native county. Chester. Pennsylvania, I am nut able to find any disturbance to call out troops under General Wayne that would need a military road through; northern Ohio. But let us have light on the subject. Kriend I-,, says. •' but not many can tell now where it was." How true; but is it not worthy of attention, that those fev be interviewed, and the points and bearings of this hrsl road laid out and cut out on the Reserve through the various towns, so those that come after us can trace it, even at the Centennial?
C. C. BRONSON.
The township received its charter of incorporation, March, 1817, and the first election under it was held April 7, 18171 at which time the following officers were elected:
Seth Hulbert Clerk.
Leman Copley, Trustees
Daniel Pomeroy, Overseers of Poor
Azor R. Sumner, Fence Viewer
Retire Trask,jr, Appraiser.
Eleazer Pomeroy, Appraiser and Lister
Ezekiel Dunham, Treasurer
Joseph Bartlett, jr. Constables
Aretas Clapp, Supervisors of Highways
John C. Chase,
As late as March 5, 1821, we find, at the annual settlement of township
trustees* account of receipts and expenditures for the year ending at that date:
Balance in treasury at last settlement. $1.00
Trustees levied a iax half equal to county tax. 8 30
From which deduct poor-master's warrant. $0.25
Clerk, for writing paper 38
And township books. 5 63
For some years the township expenses were something like the above. By the different names appearing at this election, we infer that settlers came in during 1816 and '17 somewhat numerously, as a number that did not vote in April of that year, were here later in the season. August 15, 1817, Mark Barnes received commission as justice of the peace, but there is nothing on record to show when he was elected. The following received commissions for justices of the peace:
Daniel Miller, November 13. 1820. Willis Foot, August 31. 1844
Ira Harding February 11, 1822 Mathew S. Green, April 7. 1855
Rowland Moseley, November 7, 1823 Augustus Tillutsun, November 2, 1839
Charles Goodrich. May 26. 1827. served 9 terms. Phillip Wilson, January 2 1863
John Glass. Dec. 17, 1827. and Oct. 18, 1830. S. F. Spencer. December 21. 1870
Seth Hulbert, October 26,. 1833 Darius Woolcott, December 18, 1873
Noah Moseley, jr., October 20. 1836. served 12 A. F. Miller, April 8. 1870.
terms. H. B. Palmer, June 9, 1875
Lyman R. Miller, September 11, 1839
The first settler of this township was Dr. Isaac Palmer, who was born in
Plainfield, Windham county, Connecticut, in 1770, and studied for, and commenced the practice of medicine, before he was twenty-five years old. His practice was confined to the region where he was born, as he did not practice much after he came to Ohio. He married Lois Maltby, of Goshen, Conn.,- - some two years younger than himself—-the exact date of which event we are not possessed of, but a daughter they called Anna, was born to them, in 1796, who died at Concord, Ohio, in 1875, a widow with several children. In 1799 they were at Buffalo, New York, and lost a child, nine days old. In 1800 we find them in Thompson, on lot eleven, decoyed thither by the pledge of one King, of Connecticut, a landholder, that he should have the agency of all lands in his name. He chopped, and cleared some sixteen acres, but, being dissatisfied with his treatment at the hands of King, "pulled up stakes," and moved to Concord, Ohio, to what was known as "Perkin's Camp,"
near the south line of the township, where he remained a year or so, and then moved within two miles of Painesville, on the north line of Concord township, where he lived till 1840, when he died, possessed of some four hundred acres of land, and two, or more, thousand dollars worth of personal property, the accumulation of his forty years of toil.
While in Thompson, in 1802, a son was born to them, which was, of course, the first child born in the township. He was named Isaac, and now (1876) is living in the northwest corner of Concord, with a family of two sons and four daughters living in the vicinity.
The doctor sailed his own boat from Buffalo to Fairport, and up Grand
river opposite Thompson, having for company, his wife, child, and a man named Sackett. In those days Grand river was at full banks, and, as they were going up the stream, having some fruit trees that he brought with him from the east, stopped and planted them on what is known as the General Paine farm, in Painesville, where they are still growing. In two years, say in 1802, Dr. Palmer returned to Connecticut, settled up Sackett's affairs, and brought on his family.
Sackett afterwards went to Windsor, Ashtabula county. I was interested in the sketch of Palmer, the first settler of Thompson; his companion in his journey, Mr. Sackett, I had *some acquaintance with. Skene Douglass Sackett was born in Milford, New Haven county, Connecticut; was a soldier of the Revolution, in the Connecticut line. He married Hannah Saxton, a native of that portion of the ancient town of Waterbury, now called Middlebury, in the same county. They removed from Connecticut to the Whitestown country, as it was then called, in 1798 or 1799, where he rented a farm, on the servation of the Brothtown Indians in Oneida county. New York. In 1803, » Mr. Leonard says, Mr. Sackett's family came to Painesville, where they lived for two or three years. They lived in Windsor for many years, but they have rlssed away with those who were contemporary with them. The hardships and privations endured by the pioneers of that day seem almost incredible, but still i the mouth of many witnesses the truth is fixed. Mrs. Sackett was one of twenty children, whose remains are resting in Connecticut, in New York, and )hio. Mr. Sackett was a pensioner, and lived to an advanced age. Mr. And Mrs. Sackett had four children, viz: Polly, who married A. Crandall, her second husband, Luman Frisbie; Carry, Chauncey, and Horace. I have known but ttle of the family for the last forty years. I have been recently informed that Chauncey Sackett is dead.
Dr. Palmer purchased several hundred dollars worth of provisions, and other accessories, at Buffalo, so, it would seem, he had some money at this time, and started with his boat; but, part way up the lake, a storm coming up, they went shore, and unloaded the boat, taking everything back on the beach, except a cow and pigs, which were left on board, and made the boat fast to a tree. They camped back in the woods. On arising in the morning, to their astonishment, all their cargo was washed away, the boat tossing on the furious waves, and the cow and pigs were squealing, and subsequently lost. This took the doctor's funds, and additionally, after he had succeeded in reaching home, he was prostrated with fever, which well nigh took his life, and conspired to reduce his revenue, so that he had little left when, in r)Jo~, he resolved to abandon Thompson. How many incidents would have been treasured, had children thought of their being placed in history. So in this case; even his children have little idea of his living with no neighbor within ten miles, as was the case, and none to call it his cabin door but Indians, and rattlesnakes crawling into his house between the logs; and yet a multitude of such incidents abounded; and now, when flour can be obtained every two or three miles, all prepared for use, think of the doctor taking twenty bushels of wheat, from one Merry, of Mentor, and with two yoke of oxen, going to Burton to get it ground, having to leave it, and go again for the flour, taking three weeks to perform the round; cutting underbrush, and hunting game to satisfy the demands of a healthy stomach. The doctor was successful in after life, having secured some four hundred acres of land, and counted his personal property at twenty-five hundred dollars, with no debts outstanding.
He was struck in the abdomen by a plow handle, while cultivating corn, ..xlich caused his death within forty-eight hours. He died in June, 1840. Colonel Davenport was here about the same time, with Palmer. Davenport came from near New Haven, Connecticut, and owned one thousand one hundred and fifty-eight acres in lots twenty-two, twenty-three, and forty; commenced on lot twenty-three, .near where Darius Tillotson died in 1877. Davenport had several boys, but the family were disconnected, and after chopping a few acres, went back as far as Onondaga county, New York, and gave this land to Judge Bradley for his future support; and subsequently Adenijah Tillotson bought nine hundred and fifty-eight acres of this land for one dollar per acre, and this land was afterwards divided between his boys, Loyal, Marcus, Darius, Augustus, and Ashbel. Ashbel is the only one of the brothers now living (1876), though the lands all remain in the hands of descendants, except the two hundred acres to Augustus. Loyal came in 1819, cleared three acres on his own land, and three acres that Davenport had chopped, and sowed the whole six acres, returning in 1820. He was married in Scipio, New York, and in 1821 returned and lived on the farm here till 1875, when he died. The following notice of his funeral was communicated to the Geauga Republican:
"February 8th, Dr. Loyal Tillotson, who had also resided here for some fifty years, mingling more with the families of the community, of course his life was more thoroughly interwoven with nil, and so his loss is more deeply felt. To speak of him in language that shall speak his worth is what I cannot do. Identified with the Presbyterian church soon after it’s formation in this place, though Congregational in his views of church policy, yet for several years he was one of the deacons, and when. in 1836, some twenty or more declared for New England Congregationalism, he was active in the formation of the new church, and was an officer and leading member, doing much to build up and supply, contributing largely to all the required funds.
"When I first became acquainted with him, in 1837. he was regarded as a dangerous man, because of a "quack" of the Thompsonian school, and many joined in the cry, he is not fit to live; but live he did, and that to outlive prejudice, and become an essential instead of a dangerous man. His practice was widely extended and much sought, and he continued it till a few months since, when obliged to yield, he sunk down worn with midnight rides and contention with storms. A closing paragraph from his funeral sermon, preached by Rev. C. E. Vage, on the eleventh, will finish what I shall say:
" 'Our dear personal friend and brother. whose death we this day lament, lived and died in the Lord: He knew what it was to have fellowship with the Son of God For him to live was Christ He lived, yet not he, for Christ lived in him. Through many years his tenderest sympathies, his profoundest convictions, were in harmony with the spirit and work of his Master, Gifted by nature as few men are, of daring and inquiring mind, ready to investigate any of the social, scientific or religious problems of this thinking age, He yet clung tenaciously to the Cross of Christ, and the fundamental principles of our holy Christianity.
" 'It was not my privilege to know him in the strength of his manhood, but. in his declining days, I learned both to respect and love him. He had a noble mind, a great and generous soul. As I tried to preach the gospel, his evident sympathy, his intelligent appreciation, were an inspiration. and when sickness kept him from the public service, I felt that a real vacancy had occurred.
" ' in a long and extensive practice of forty-live years, no poor man applied in vain for professional aid, and he in no single instance resorted to legal measures to secure his dues. I believe he had large and just views of life. His object in life was not to amass wealth, but to get an do good. He often said to me. 'When I can do no more good I wish to die.'
" 'During our protracted religious meetings, lie was very anxious for our success. He longed to be present at our gatherings, and being deprived this privilege, his constant prayer at his home was that his brethren might be spiritually strengthened, and sinful men converted. The night he died he refrained from retiring until his family returned from service, that he might know the result.
"But he has gone. The community has lost an estimable and honored citizen, and an intelligent generally successful practitioner of medicine. His bereaved wife has lost a loving and faithful husband, and his children an indulgent and tender father, Take him all in all, we shall not soon look upon his like again. The gallant ship which so long battled the storms and waves of life's sea. has at last cast anchor in the haven of eternal rest. The great, restless brain, whose thoughts were ever on and on, has solved the problem of life, and the soul whichl~eat with so much love and sympathy toward all men. unclogged from cumbersome clay, has risen to the fellowship of the good of all ages. ' "
Darius came as late as 1823, and during the First five years cleared over twenty acres. He married a daughter of Noah Moseley.
These boys all improved and cleared before settling on them. I think it was as late as 1841 before the last one, Ashbel, became permanently settled, and is still on his place (1876).
Nothing more appears of progress, till 1808, when Joseph Bartlett, with his wife, three sons, and four daughters, left South Hampton, Massachusetts, May 10, 1808, and reached Thompson, June 20, 1818, one Stockwell, accompanying them. He came with a span of horses, and yoke of oxen, as far as Buffalo, New York. In western New York, somewhere, one of the oxen died, causing some delay, but they succeeded in exchanging the live ox, and the hide of the dead one, for a young pair, intending to come the balance of the way with their teams, but the young failed before reaching Buffalo, where they exchanged the team for a boat, which was, however, a poor timing. Open, without spar or sail, and urged on with oars„ except at times, with favorable winds, when with poles and blankets for sails, they would scud along, with little to do, except to steer the boat. They usually sailed only in day time, spending the nights on the shore, tying their boat to trees, and building camp-Fires on shore; cooked and eat, and slept, though sometimes under favoring gales, they would sail a part or all night, thus making the trip from Buffalo to Fairport. in two weeks, and arriving there, were still twelve or more miles from the goal, which took them two days to perform, having much of the way to cut a roadway, where they arrived at mid afternoon, without a shelter over them, and all hands worked with a will, to accomplish the object; first, cutting a hemlock, and stripping or peeling off the bark, with which they made the roof; and for sides, using blankets, and thus equipped for the night, retired to rest, and probably nary ones never retired with more self-satisfaction; nor had they, probably, ?ring all their journey from Connecticut to Ohio, over the rough way, and amid strangers.
They spread the boughs of the hemlock to soften the place, as ill as prevent other exposure to the bedding and camp, with a good prospect comfort; but had only just settled themselves quietly, when a peculiar noise rifling was heard among the bedding of the "old folks;" and with light ?arch, soon found a rattlesnake, come to see why this innovation, on his before undisputed territory—-had come to see the baby, the first one on lot number four. Imagine, then, but not vainly, that snake stories had a reality them; and, of course, this new dilemma would work up the nerves some?at; and it would be easy after that to suspect others would be on hand to spute their possession; and so it was, for just as quiet was restored, they’re startled by hearing, stepping outside their habitation, and brush cracking, ?d leaves rustling, which the previous start had prepared them, to attribute to the presence of wolves, bears, or other wild animals, but the morning only revealed quite a drove "of elks. However, scares were frequent; and no wonder, for the nearest neighbor was two or three miles through the forest, and in this ?se, having to pass over a deep gully, no others at this time living in the town ?ip. The clearing of Dr. Palmer, more than a mile from them, enticed the cows often to wander to, as furnishing grass, not to be had elsewhere; and when the men were too busy to spare one of the boys, the girls were deputed to drive the cows; and on one occasion, Theodocia went to this Palmer lot, and seeing ? Indian, instead of cows, she started, by no means sauntingly, homeward, it was confronted in her path by another Indian, as she supposed, only a little way, and thought, surely, she was captured. It was the same Indian, who, seeing she was frightened, had run ahead of her, and assured her he would not hurt her, and did not wish her to go and tell that the Indians were after her. but she didn't drive the cows that night.
The Indians were not hostile, one called one day rather frightening the ??? but after getting something to eat, left, but returned in the night, and the women were not well quieted after the scare of the day, and so fastening doors and windows securely, all went to the upper room to sleep. Stockwell did returned, so that they were not all alone, but in the night their dusky friend turned, and tried hard to gain admittance by door of window. Not succeeding, he went on the roof of the house, and let himself down the chimney, and began to ascend the ladder to the room of the terrified lodgers, having procured ??st a light when Stockwell, with a club, secured beforehand, met him at the top, and prevented him from further, showing the large knife he had, or getting? he claimed his only intention was some dried venison he had discovered hanging, when he was there in the daytime.
One more scare: Some time about the close of the war of 1812, one John Lemon came to the settlement, and dressed as an Indian, which caused much fright to the women as all the men, but Stockwell, were away, and he at the??rn threshing. They watched the supposed Indian go toward the barn, heard a gun, and the flail ceased; and the supposition was, Stockwell was killed, and both of the girls ran for two miles to the men with the probabilities, and the others breathlessly almost waited their return when, on peering with great cautiousness, Stockwell and the old Indian sat talking. It turned out that Lemon had adopted this costume as a hunting one, and in his wanderings, came out there, and hearing threshing at the barn, went that way, and passing a little from the gaze of the women, as he neared the barn, discovered a hawk sitting on a stump near by, and fired, and then, of course, the hawk fell, and the flail stopped, and thus ended as many another scare had done—bloodlessly.
One thing that was a serious trouble to these pioneers, as of others of the Reserve, was the want of mills. The first years these had to go to Parkman, twenty miles, to get grinding.
After a few years, Martin built a mill near where Fall's mill stands, and then they felt much relief as a boy could do the man's work, going on horseback with a bag of wheat or corn. One of these trips is worthy of record: Once late in the fall of the year, Preserved was dispatched with a bag of grain on the horse, he about thirteen years old. He arrived all right, but had to wait so long for his turn to come, that it was near night when he started homeward. It was cloudy, and he did not realize the lateness of the hour, and had proceeded but a little way, when night overtook him, and his road lay nearly all the way through the woods, only the brush cut away, and to make his situation worse, it began to rain, and he without coat or shoes. He feared from the abundance of wild animals that infested the woods, and stuck to the horse, letting him take his own way himself, holding a stick before his face to keep the limbs from scratching his face, or knocking off his hat. In that way he plodded on what seemed to him a long way when suddenly the horse stopped. Dismounting, found before him a fence which he let down, and remounting, went on as before, not knowing whither, and in a short time the horse again stopped, but this time at an old barn. This time the boy thought best to stay till morning, so putting his grist in the barn, his horse in the stable himself, crawled into the hay wet to the skin from the rain. Not long after, he felt something jump on the mow, and pass around almost directly over him several times. Having heard wolves howling during his ride, he thought first of them, but soon it jumped down, and went away, and as he lay expecting its return, he fell asleep, and did not awake till daylight to find snow three or four inches deep, and the wind cold. Looking around, found himself one mile from the nearest house, so taking his horse from the stable, and reloading his grist, tried walking beside his horse, but the snow was so cold to his feet, he got on and rode, but was much chilled. When he got to Kenieppe's, where Hungerford now lives, he found his father waiting for him.
One more incident: Theodocia, at one time, when about seventeen, started to go to Mentor, on horseback, leaving home before noon, that she might have ample time, taking with her a roll of flannel her mother had woven for some one in that vicinity. It was in the month of October. The leaves had fallen, and much obscured the path, so that her guide was the blazed, or marked, trees; I but, amid her musings, she had almost neglected even to notice these, and the horse supposed he might go where the footing was good, till at length she found herself lost to the path, and began at once searching for it by reining her horse this way and that; but, often coming to the original starting place, the idea of being lost came over her with living realty, and her subsequent wanderings that afternoon revealed not her proximity to the right path. As nightfall came on, it gave her no pleasure to think of spending a night in the woods, with no company but her horse, and that, too, only a few miles from home. At length, riding to the foot of a tree from which protruded a large branch, or knot, she alighted and began arrangements for the night. First hanging her bonnet on a limb over her head, thinking that if evil befell her some one might discover this and get a reasonable clue to her, and then placing the bridle rein on her arm, she folded her arms together firmly, sat down, and gathered herself as compactly as she well could, on that chilly October night, and composed herself for sleep, if possible, in one of the largest bed-rooms ever occupied by mortal, and herself doubtful if the door was so securely fastened as to prevent molestation.
During the night, her reverie was broken by distant sounds, resembling the?wing of horns, and hope sprang up with her that, being missed, search was being made. But, alas, as it neared her, it proved sounds with which she was to familiar, and when they came so near in the crackling brush that glaring eyes and snapping teeth caused her horse, which she had already mounted, to ?rt furiously, then it was that she concluded that it was wolves that had been. wing what she had hoped was horns. But He who held the fastening of it room door had so ordered that this night's experience should lead her to commence a life of trust, and that the developments of the future should show her the care of Him that "slumbers not, nor sleepeth." And in the loneliness that night, as she prayed, she pledged her future service to her God, if He, His goodness would restore her to the right path, and thus she be brought other friends, and felt a degree of quiet assurance that she should be guided to that place in safety. When the morning at length came, and she turned ?? back upon this ever-to-be-remembered lodging place for a night, she gave ? rein to Him whose guardian care had so signally kept her, and, as if by unknown agency, her horse brought her, at sunrise, to the old familiar marked trees, and though she knew not where she was, yet the right direction was taken and she arrived at Painesville at no very late breakfast time. But her promise made there she kept well till December, 1872, when she died, with her daughter, Mrs. Garis, in Thompson, in her eighty-first year.
In October, 1811, she married Seth Hulbert, and to them were born three sons and four daughters, all of whom survived her save one daughter. Her husband died in 1843, and in 1847 she married Warren Corning, of Mentor, with whom she lived some years, when she was again a widow, and in May, 1856, she married Robert Murray of Concord, and lived with him some five years, and, in 1863, married Lemuel Baldwin, formerly of Concord, and lived with him some four years, when, he becoming insane, it was not thought best for them to live together, and his son, Silas, took him to Iowa, where he lingered a year or more, and died without becoming rational. She survived them to ?ish life amid much suffering, being afflicted with what a post-mortem examination proved to be cancer of the stomach. She, with her first husband, was among the first to join in the formation of the Congregational church, making public profession of faith in Christ, and her last words to her children only made them love her Christian character.
Joseph Bartlett settled on lot four, taking his land in exchange for land in Southampton, of one Bond. He was a Christian man, and much interested to have settlers of like character come to the place, and as fast as settlers came an interest was generated for the building up of good society and the foundations.?id therefor. Bartlett lived till 1830. His wife survived him some twenty years, and died at the age of eighty-six. Bartlett's children bear him witness at immediately on his arrival in his new home he established a family altar, id morning and evening offered his sacrifice thereon, and as soon as two or three more settlers came, of his turn of thought, meetings were instituted and held on the Sabbath wherever it would best accommodate, till some ten years later hen a building was erected at the center of the township, and then the place meeting became permanent. Bartlett and wife were the first to leave the Hambden church, where for a few years they were members, and joined in the formation of the Congregational church of Thompson in 1820.
Abner Stockwell, who came with him, married Lucy, in 1810, and settled
adjoining the homestead. To them were born five boys and two girls. The first- ,m, Abner, died at fifty-four years, and was the first born resident of any years, .his father's was the first marriage, also. But father and mother are gone. Two?ns only of the family are remaining near the foundation of the old home.
Seth Hulburt, sr., and Seth, jr., came also in 1808, performing the journey—the father on horseback and the son on foot, the son arriving first. Subsequently the father returned and removed his family the same year, consisting of four girls and two boys, with the wife, and settled near the Bartletts'. The father did not live more than two years and died very suddenly while away from home in Concord, a little to the northwest of Dr. Palmer's, where he, with one Trask, was engaged in making shingles. His widow subsequently married one Cook, and lived and died in Burton. Seth married Theodocia Bartlett in 1811, and settled in the same neighborhood, where he lived till 1813, and there died. At the organization of the township he was elected township clerk, which office he held for a number of years, and served in other official capacities, and was also, one term, a justice of the peace was a very positive man, and a man of sympathy towards the poor. For many years after the formation of the Congregational church he was one of its members.
Of the exact date of the arrival of individual families, it is impossible now to determine. In 1809, one Daniel Pomeroy came with his family, consisting of four or five daughters and one or more sons, and settled east of the others, not more than one mile west of the present center, and father and mother were both buried on a little knoll on the farm, and the place, though desolate from neglect, is still marked by poor marble. I am not able to speak of the family as only one. Mrs. Dolly Howe, widow of Otis Howe, is still living in the township, having lived there uninterruptedly since coming. A faithful and much respected Christian lady; she has been the mother of four girls and three boys, only two girls are living.
Retire Trask came into the neighborhood of Bartlett's near this time, with three sons—Retire, Benjamin, and Isaac. Mrs. Trask did not live long, and was among the early dead—a child of Joseph Bartlett, jr., and also one of Seth Hulburt, sr., dying before her. Retire, jr., married Asenith Bartlett in 1816, and five boys and four girls were born to them. Mrs. Trask still lives (1877), a widow by her second marriage.
In 1801, Elisha Miller, jr., came from Farmington, Connecticut, in company with Dr. 0. K. Hawley, and Jesse Hawley, as far as Austinburg, Ashtabula county, on horseback, with the intention of coming to Thompson, as his father owned one thousand acres of land, situated about equally in lots one and twenty-seven, and two hundred acres in lot thirty-seven. Accordingly, he went to lot one and chopped and girdled some timber; boarding with Dr. Palmer. They had some little misunderstanding about the matter, and, after a few months, Miller went back to Austinburg. His horse, which had been turned into the woods, with others, could not be readily found, and so he started back to Connecticut on foot. His horse was subsequently found and returned. The above lands were afterwards, by the death of the senior Miller, conveyed to others, and, as early as 1818, we find Daniel Miller, a brother, in the settlement of the estate, in possession of what was on lot twenty-seven, and living near where the Cottam family now live. He was elected a justice of the peace in 1818. He resided here until 1825. In 1819, we find him in a district school, in the Bartlett settlement. He subsequently preached. He went from here to Bristol and was afterward prominent in the establishment of the excellent and prominent school at Farmington, Ohio. He held the first coroner's inquest in this township, at the house of Mark Barncs, over the body of one Benjamin Trask, who was found dead near the foot of Stony Ridge, west from Bostwick's corners. But who composed the jury, we are unable-to learn. This was in the spring of 1819.
No means are at hand to tell how fast settlers came in after this, until some six or seven years later; but we find reported as soldiers of the war of 1812:
Joseph Bartlett, jr„ Abner Stockwell, Seth Hulbert, Retire Trask, Wm. Gee, ??? Eleazer Pomeroy, who made knapsacks for themselves and went on the call far as Fairport, but returned without getting a sniff of war.
Things among the few settlers progressed but. slowly, so that in 1816 there were but nine families in the township, viz: Wm. Gee, Joseph Bartlett, Joseph Bartlett, jr„ Seth Hulbert, Martin Williams, Daniel Pomery (Pomeroy ?). and Eleazer Sumner; and these were in different*parts of the township.
In 1816, Mark Barnes and family arrived, and settled on lot eleven, on the lands that Dr. Palmer had vacated General years before. With the entrance of a family new strength was imparted to the few families in that part of the????. Especially was an effort made to have Sabbath worship maintained, which ???s immediately instituted, and, as fast as possible, the way was opened toward ??? center of the township, for permanent holding of meetings. Especially Bartlett and Barnes were anxious for an increase of religious privileges. These early settlers were also anxious for school privileges, and set about securing them opening a school in the house of Trask, and Miss Lovina Hulbert was the first one to act the part of school ma'am in this wild place, Miss Sylvia Barnes ?s the second, and by this time a building was given for the use of this work, or where James H. Wilson recently died; Joseph Bartlett owning it at that ???e.
Mark Barnes was born in Connecticut, November 12, 1764, and married miss Sarah Roberts, who was his senior from April to November. Moved to Southampton in 1806, where lie lived till 1816, when, with his family, he started for Ohio. His family consisted, of four daughters and one son. One of the daughters was married, and had two children, who, with the husband, accompanied the family on their western bound trip. One of the daughters kept a journal of the journey which I am permitted to copy, which, although near sixty years have passed, is in so good a condition as to be easily read, though not written in the angular hand of to-day, is open and fair. She commences, and????ered to contrast the toilsome method of 1816, and that of 1875, in perform a journey:
"Southampton, January" 25, 1816, Thursday.—We set out on our journey for New Connecticut State of Ohio, went from Southampton through Westfield and??? and put up in Chester village, and put up for the first night at Burnks' tavern, a distance of seventeen miles.
''Friday, January 26th.—Came on through Chester up the Becket mountains far as Baird's tavern, distance fifteen miles; had the ill luck coming up the mountains to lose a gallon of gin.
"Saturday, January 27.—Leaving Baird's, we came through Lee and into old Sockbridge, a distance of ten miles, and put up with Jonathan Hicks.
"Sabbath, January 28th.—Came through West Stockbridge and Canaan to?atham, put up with Samuel Foot, traveling a distance of fourteen miles, entering the bounds of York State.
"Monday, January 2pth.—Journeying on, came through Nassau andSchod??k, and put up with — Payne; a distance of sixteen miles.
"January 30th.—Came through Greenbush, crossing the North river through Albany and Guilderland, and put up at Case's tavern, a distance of sixteen miles. Six of the company were innoculated for kinepox, and here we are all alive and well.
"Wednesday, January 31.—Came through New Aynesburg into Schoharrie, crossed the Schoharrie bridge, and put up at Hartley's tavern; distance of sixteen miles.
"Thursday, February 1st.—Proceeding on our way through Carlisle and ?aron, a distance of seventeen miles, and put up with one Doolittle.
" February 2nd.—Came through Sharon and Cherry Valley into Springfield, a distance of fifteen miles and a half, and put up at Mr. Brown's.
"February 3rd.—-Through Springfield and Warren, and into Richfield, and put up at Landlord Hatch's tavern. Our day's work : the travel of twelve miles.
"'Sabbath, February 4th. - Came through Richfield, Bridgewater and Sangerfield, and put up at Norton's tavern, making a distance of sixteen miles.
"Monday, February 5th.—Spent the day at Norton's in Sangerfield. Aretas' children were both sick, and we had to get a new axletree made for the ox-wagon, which prevented altogether any advance on our journey.
"February 6th.—Came through Madison, and into Eaton, and put up at the tavern of T. dark, making a distance of seventeen miles, and here we swapped away the black cattle we had of Mr. Bates.
"Wednesday, 7th.—Came through Nelson and Cazynovia into Manlius, and put up at the tavern of Mr. Morse, having traveled seventeen miles.
"February 8th.—Traveled only twelve miles, and put up with Mr. Sammons in .Salina, where we staid till Saturday, as Aretas' children were quite sick.
"Saturday, February 10th.—Came through Onondaga into Camillus, and put up with one Mears; distance of twelve miles.
"Sabbath, 11th.—Aretas* children grew more unwell, and we traveled only eight miles, and put up at Noah Oinisted's, in Aurelius, passing through the town of Brutus. Employed a doctor for the youngest child, which was very sick, and remained over.
"Monday, February 12th.—The child still being very sick, the doctor coming the second time.
"Tuesday 13th.—The child being some better, we started. Arelas and wife and children, and mother, passed through Auburii and Cayuga, crossing Cayuga bridge, one mile in length, putting up with one Julius Hooper. Distance fourteen miles.
"Wednesday, 14th.·--Yassed on through to Phelpstown, distance sixteen and onc-half miles, and stayed witli one Warner. \~catherr cold.
"February, 15th.-- Passed on through Gorham, Canandaigua, into East Bloomfield, stopping with Carter; fourteen miles.
"Friday, 16th.—Came through West Bloomfield, Lima, and Avon; seventeen miles. Put up at Hosmer's, and the family came up with us here.
"February 18th.—Once more all together, though not very well. We left Avon, and passed through Caledonia into Troy, as far as J. Ganson's, crossing the Genessee river, and traveling fifteen miles.
"Sabbath, 18th.—Traveled fifteen miles, and put up in Batavia with Mr. Thomas.
"Monday, 19th.--Came on through Pembroke, Florence, and Claren's, putting up with Peter Vanderveter, traveling, to-day, fifteen miles. Mr. Bartlett was sick, so as to call a physician.
"Tuesday, 20th.—Leaving Bartlett, and a hand, to look after and assist him, passed through Clarens into Buffalo, a distance of fifteen miles, and stayed at J. Pitcher's.
"Wednesday, 21st.—Passed into Hamburg, a distance of nineteen miles, crossing Buffalo creek on the ice. Saw a sleigh drawn by five jacks, also a sled and a man drawn by a large black dog. Here the sick that had been left behind, came up, at Mr. Camp's tavern.
"Thursday, February 22d.-~ Starting, turned our wagons on to the ice of Lake Erie, traveling a distance of seventeen miles. Arrived save at Wm. Cash's tavern, in Eden. A span of horses were drowned in the lake to-day—family all saved.
"Friday, February 23d.—Our journey to-day through the woods, with mud and ??iter, till we came to Cattaraugus creek, which we crossed safely on the ice, ??id came as far as N. Goodwill's, in Hanover; a distance of eleven miles.
"Saturday 24th.—Made our way as best we could along the rough and ragged roads, through the woods, passing through Pomfret's, Canandaigua, in Portland, and put up with T. Sprague. Hard thunder shower to-day.
"Sabbath, February 25th.—Traveled a distance of twelve miles, stopping with Cass, in Portland.
"Monday, February 26th.—Journeying on, we left the bounds of the State of New York, and entered Pennsylvania, stopping in the town of Northeast, with Mr. Brown. A distance of fifteen miles. Heard of a yoke of oxen and horse drowned yesterday, in attempting to cross Cattaraugus creek.
"Tuesday, February 27th.—Traveled only twelve miles, in consequence of our horse-wagon breaking down. Stayed with Mr. Gage, in Milford, while repairs were made.
Wednesday, 28th.—Came through Mill creek, Erie, into Fairview, twenty miles, and stayed at N. Wolvertons,
"Thursday, 29th.--Passed through Springfield into Salem, twelve miles, putting up at H: Lake's tavern, in the State of Ohio.
"Friday, March 1st.—Traveled sixteen miles through Kingsville, into Ashtabula, stopping with Mr. Benham.
"Saturday, March 2d.—Came through Matherstown and Harpersfield, into Madison, and put up at the tavern of one Mixor; a distance of seventeen miles.
"Sabbath, March 3d.—On account of high water in Grand river, remained at Mixor's all day.
"Monday, March 4th.--Hired a man to boat us across the river, which was accomplished with safety to people and goods, and we found ourselves in Thompson township, after a wearisome journey of five hundred and thirty miles, requiring forty days to accomplish."
Nearly all the settlers of the township were at the ford to assist and greet the new-corners, and, after landing, some stakes were driven, fire kindled, and Mrs. Barnes cooks a dinner for a township, which was well accepted, and then began the forward movement to their future home, some of whom reached Bartlett's that night, and some the next day. Only one of the family is now (1876) living. Maria, wife of Rufus Howe, came into town about the same time. He married Sylvia first, afterwards Maria.
~~ C. C. BRONSON, OF TALLMADGE,
??nd husband of Mrs. Enoch Scott, read the following interesting sketch of the life of one of the most prominent pioneers of Thompson:
"Thomas Scott, of Hartford, an original proprietor, but not a settler, of Farmington, had a son, Edmund. He, E., settled in Farmingon at an early date, and among the first settlers of Mattatuck, now Waterbury, in 1674- The Scotts settled in the various towns that have been formed from the ancient town of Waterbury. Uri Scott, the sixth generation in regular descent from Thomas Scott, of Harford. Uri Scott married Esther Roberts, December 26, 1780, and they had nine children. Enoch' and Abial were once residents of this township. Enoch Scott was born, a few rods south of the ancient town line, run by a committee between Waterbury and Woodbury, on the west of Waterbury, and on the south between Waterbury and Derby, in 1680. He was born in the present town of Oxford, New Haven county, Connecticut, on the 29th of May, 1795- His education was obtained in the common schools of Connecticut, and limited at that, but he made good use of his time in school. His parents were not blessed with an abundance of this world's goods, and having a family of nine to feed and clothe, it compelled them to forego the luxuries of life, and very many of the necessary comforts. At an early age, they had to larbor hard to obtain a living. This was the case with Mr. Scott; he worked out fur the farmers in the vicinity to help the family. He commenced work in the spring of 1813, in the adjoining town of Middlebury, for Dr. James Wooster, a good farmer. He worked for Mr. Wooster two years, or until the spring of 1815, his father taking his wages; the summer of 1815 he may have worked for Mr. Wooster. He bought his time of his father six months before he was twenty-one. He made up his mind that the rocks and hills of Connecticut was no place for him. His mother, a good, prudent woman, made good home-spun clothing, and filling a knapsack, he left his father's house, on foot, to find himself a home in the west. He went to Southampton, Massachusetts, to his uncle, Mark Barnes, and found him on the point of leaving with his family for Ohio, having made an exchange with land proprietors, in town ten, range six, called Thompson, Geauga county, Ohio. He drove an ox team to the Western Reserve, or as it was known at an early day, New Connecticut. After a long and soilsome journey, they at last found themselves at the end of their journey— he found the land he had bought in Massachusetts. "This was in the spring of 1816. Mr. Barnes built a log cabin, and made his family as comfortable as circumstances would admit. This was on or near the house now owned by Horace Webster. Enoch Scott worked for his uncle Barnes, until he paid for ten acres of land. On this he built a log house, working in various places, chopping, clearing land, and other farm work. In this way, he furnished himself with the necessaries of life, and obtained some money.
"In 1818, he slung his knapsack, and started on foot for Connecticut, making the journey in fourteen or sixteen days. After spending a little time visiting parents, relatives and friends, he returned to Ohio in the same manner. His brother, Abial Scott, came with him. He then went to work on his little farm, and his aunt Barnes baked his bread, and he kept batchelor's hall. But he was not satisfied with his manner of living, so he made up his mind that a woman was a necessary fixture in a log house, so he goes over the river into Perry, to Mr. Joshua Morse's, and his daughter concluded she would, keep house for him, and they were married September 27, 1820. Jane Morse was born July 23, 1798, he being twenty-five and she twenty-two. They had but little of this world's goods to begin with. Mr. Scott, after his marriage, thought there might be occasions when a set of cups and saucers would not be out of place, so they went to the south part of Bondstown (now Hambden), at a place known at that day as Bartholomew's, and procured a set of a half dozen, and paid one dollar, for such as has been bought for twelve and a half cents since. But they were happy, and cheerfully, met all of the little difficulties they had to encounter. Being of one heart and of one mind, prosperity crowned their efforts. They were prudent, industrious; she, with her spinning wheels and loom, soon had her house abundantly supplied with beds, bedding, clothing, and other necessary articles for family use, which have been carefully preserved and are now in the possession of his sons. Mrs. Scott was a most excellent housekeeper, kind in her disposition, quiet and unobtrusive. She lived her religion from day to day, an humble, devoted Christian life. She died December 29, 1843, aged forty-five years.
"They had added to their farm, in addition to the original twenty acres, forty-seven acres more, and a good barn and a frame house finished. They had no children. Thus he was left, and after a suitable time he sought the hand of Clarissa A., daughter of Mr. Ashbel 'Munson, of Mentor. They were married November 24, 1844. By her he had two sons—Stiles E. and Orson W. Stiles was married on the thirteenth of December, 1871, to Miss Ella Case, of Hud-